Food, water and shelter are the three basic habitat requirements that all wildlife species need for survival. Here are ways you can address each of these to benefit wildlife.


     + Food Sources:
    • Try to enhance natural food sources before considering supplemental feeding.
    • Let wildlife disperse naturally. This will allow natural food sources time to recover, after which wildlife will return. 
    • Water areas that you can to encourage regrowth of forbs (weeds) and grasses. In many cases, the seed is already in the soil awaiting the right conditions to grow.
    • Refer to the Feeding Wildlife page for more info.


     + Water Sources:
    If water sources are few and far between, here are some ways to provide supplemental water for multiple species: 

    • Provide ladders into and out of above-ground watering troughs.
    • Ladders can be made out of wire-mesh (14-gauge wire mesh with ¾” holes) or carefully stacked rocks (inside and out) creating a ramp. This will allow small animals and birds access to the water and a way to get out if they fall in.
    • Bird baths can be kept full, and shallow trays of water can also be kept around in select locations.


     + Shelter Sources:
    • Shelter is needed to provide concealment from predators as well as for protection from heat and cold. 
    • When removing dead standing trees that compromise safety or structures, stack them neatly away from structures to provide shelter. Stack them loosely enough that critters can get in and out easily, yet still have concealment.
    • Leave dead-standing trees that don’t threaten safety or structures—they serve as a food source for woodpeckers and other insect-eating species, and can also provide shelter for cavity-nesting birds and small mammals.
    • Nest boxes can also be provided (with predator guards) for cavity-nesting birds and small mammals if no dead standing trees are available. 
    • Replanting native tree/shrub species (see Trees for Recovery) to provide future screening cover. Avoid non-native, invasive species.
    • Replant native grass/forb (weed) species to provide nesting cover for fawns and ground-nesting birds. 


     + Contact

    For more information on wildlife management contact Texas Parks and Wildlife.